Cultural values and the job demands–control model of stress: A moderation analysis.

This study examined whether cultural values (individualism/collectivism [IC]) moderate the association between the job demands–control (JDC) model and health. To determine the influence of the measurement level of IC (national vs. individual) on the research findings, two studies were performed. Study 1 examined the interactions between the JDC model and IC in a mixed occupational group of Colombian workers (n = 520). Study 2 analyzed the interactions of the JDC model with the IC (individual-level measurement) and the nationality (country-level measurement of IC) of the participants in a cross-cultural sample (workers from Colombia and the United States, n = 171). In Study 1, it was found that decision latitude moderates (buffers) the negative effect of job demands on the individualist workers’ health but not on the collectivist workers’ health (somatic symptoms, anxiety, and depression). Study 2 revealed that IC (individual level) moderates the association between job demands and blood pressure (systolic and diastolic) and that nationality (United States = individualist, Colombia = collectivist) moderates the association between job demands and psychological distress. Overall, Studies 1 and 2 suggest that individual appraisals of working conditions (moderated by personal values) should be considered in the assessment of work stress and the design of interventions for the management of psychosocial risk factors at work. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved)